PLAYABLE MOVIE FILES
She hasn't met a movie format that she liked.
FE Home page > FE Video Demos page > This Playable-Movie Formats page
! Preliminary ! A few more video-audio-container examples
may be added occasionally --- and more info on 'players' may be added.
< Go to MOVIE SAMPLES (video-audio-container samples) below. >
(Skip the Introduction)
Anyone who has been creating and converting movie files around the years 2000 to 2011 knows that the movie file formats (for video, audio, container) are still in a state of change. 'Codecs' (coders and de-coders) for movie files are still being devised --- to reduce file sizes as much as possible while keeping quality (video and audio) at an appealing level.
In contrast, image file formats (and their coding and decoding algorithms) have been pretty settled since the late 1990's --- with JPEG, PNG, and GIF formats being popular and stable. The SVG (scalable vector graphics) format is perhaps the main example of a 'less-than-a-movie' image file format that may still see some changes in features and in coding and decoding algorithms.
[Well ... there IS the area of 3D models and their viewers, in the mix of visual presentation possibilities. That area is in a great state of flux also.]
Just when there seemed to be a 'light at the end of the tunnel' in the search for minimal-sized-high-quality video-audio recording formats, the popularity of 3D movies indicates that there may be a push to develop better 'codecs' for new-and-improved 3D movie files --- with the need to reduce file sizes as much as possible while maintaining high-quality 3D video and bazillion channel audio.
So, instead of movie formats perhaps settling down to about 3 highly desirable, relatively compact formats within the next 5 years (by 2016), it looks like it might be about 10 years (about 2021) before we see a 'stabilization' of movie formats.
And if holographic-like movies become feasible around that time, we may see a further string of developments in movie (video and audio) formats to handle moving 3D scenes that we can walk around (and walk within).
Will animation formats EVER settle down?
Some semblance of video-audio order, via YouTube :
The phenomenon of popular movies being made available, in large numbers, from sites like YouTube, for playing on computers of various types (desktops, laptops, netbooks, pads, pods, game-boxes, and phones) has created some order out of the video-audio chaos.
The YouTube site takes movies, submitted in various formats, and converts them to a YouTube-standard format --- of reasonable size (for relatively fast downloading) and of reasonable quality (video and audio).
Note: The YouTube 'standard' format for video encoding has actually changed at least a couple of times in the 2005-2011 time frame. And the 'standard' will probably change again, as noted at the bottom of this web page.
You can find many comments on the web from people who have uploaded their movies to YouTube only to find that there are various types of problems in the audio or video, after their submission goes through the YouTube conversion process.
Those people know (now) that the movie file scene is populated with so many video-and-audio formatting possibilities that it can make for some trying times in making movies playable on commonly available movie players. Player examples :
These players (QuickTime, Windows Media Player, Mplayer, Flash-players) are usually available in two forms :
Some of the newer video formats (such as H.264) are still (in 2011) undergoing enhancements (feature additions). The player developers are continually coming out with new versions of their players to handle the recent additions and enhancements in formats --- and, more specifically, to handle the additions and changes in the IMPLEMENTATION of those formats in de-coders.
[It's one thing to have IDEA(s) for a new video/audio format --- it's another thing to IMPLEMENT the idea(s) well in computer code.]
In order to have a good chance of playing most movie files that you might encounter, it is best to try to keep your movie players up to date, with release levels at least as high as these (circa 2010-2011) :
There may be some separate decoder libraries that these players use. Those libraries may also need to be installed or updated.
I am getting close to explaining the intent of this web page, but first a little more background information.
The 3 formats of movie files :
It was mentioned on the FE Video Demos page that, besides the video format and the audio format within a movie file, there is also the 'container' format --- that is, the format that is used to 'interleave' the video and the audio data together.
Here is an introduction to 'containers' for video and audio --- with links to info on coding formats for video and audio.
Often movie files are referred to by the 'container' name, without specifying the format of the video and audio streams within the container.
One man, who makes movie files for others and who is often frustrated that they specify a container format but no format for the video and audio, explains it this way.
The container is like the bread on a sandwich. If you ordered a sandwich you would not simply specify the bread that you want, like 'whole wheat' (the 'container').
You would also need to specify the contents of the sandwich ... such as peanut butter and jelly ... or turkey and lettuce ... or ham and cheese (video and audio).
Actually, this man should probably have his customers specify which player(s) (and which version) the customer has in mind for playing the movie file. That would probably be much easier for the customer to specify than the video and audio formats.
Furthermore, this would probably be more likely to result in a satisfied customer --- avoiding 'but you said'/'but I meant' arguments.
You could probably find this guy's web site by Googling on the terms 'movie sandwich bread container video'.
The 3 formats --- video, audio, and container --- are used to organize the following list of movie samples.
The Intent of this page :
This page is intended to point out movie file formats (specifically, the combinations of video, audio, and container formats) that are playable on at least one of the several popular movie players mentioned above. The combinations that are presented are based on specific examples of playable movies.
I have run the 'ffmpeg -i' command on various movie clips collected from the web and other sources, and I have assembled the ffmpeg output for the various movie file formats below. The movie clips are ones that I have found playable in at least one of the several movie players mentioned above.
The ffmpeg outputs are shown below, in order by the triplets comprised of video-audio-container format abbreviations. Hence the sample ffmpeg outputs are basically in order by the first of the 3 formats, the video stream format.
The first 2 lines of the ffmpeg output (the lines that start with 'Input' and 'Duration') are mostly 'container' info. The last 2 lines ('Stream #0.0' and 'Stream #0.1') are mostly video and audio info.
I have not found a REALLY good explanation of the 'tbr', 'tbn', and 'tbc' values that show on the 'Video' lines of the 'ffmpeg -i' output. If I ever find a REAL good explanation, I intend to put it here.
In the mean time, you can try Googling ffmpeg tbr tbn tbc.
You can use the Find Text facility of your web browser to quickly locate examples below. For example, if you want to look for samples of 'flv' containers, you could search for '-FLV' or '-flv'. And if you want to look for samples involving mp3 audio, you could search for '-MP3-' or '-mp3-'.
The main container formats include ASF (closed source, Microsoft may claim royalty rights to all implementations), AVI (early Microsoft), FLV ('Flash', closed source, Adobe may claim royalty rights to all implementations), MKV (Matroska, open standard), MP4 (a Motion Pictures Experts Group standard, MPEG-4 part 14 ; similar to MOV and 3GP container formats), MPEG (an older Motion Pictures Experts Group standard), OGG (open spec of xiph.org), WEBM (Google, open, Matroska-based).
The main video formats include H.264 (a standard for Blu-ray; used by YouTube ; said to be the best, around 2010-2011), MPEG1 (Motion Picture Experts' early standard, CD era ; said to be the most widely compatible world-wide, circa 2011), MPEG2 (Motion Picture Experts' later standard, DVD era), MPEG4 (Motion Picture Experts' recent standard, into the Blu-ray era), Sorenson (proprietary ; several versions ; used for a while in some Flash container movies), Theora (open spec of xiph.org ; not as small file sizes as H264 and VP8), VP6 and VP7 (On2 proprietary), VP8 (Google is opening the spec, on acquiring On2), WMV2 and WMV3 (Microsoft may claim royalty rights to all implementations, hence 'encumbered').
The main audio formats include AAC (designed as improvement on MP3 ; an audio standard for iPhone, iPod, iPad, Nintendo, PlayStation, and more), MP2 (Motion Picture Experts' standard, MPEG-1 'Layer 2'), MP3 (Motion Picture Experts' standard, MPEG-1 'Layer 3'), PCM (method of converting analog signals to digital ; a high-quality standard used in CD, DVD, Blu-ray audio recording), VORBIS (open spec of xiph.org ; unencumbered by patents ; produces small files), WMAV2 and WMAV3 (designed for voice playback applications ; Microsoft may claim royalty rights to all implementations, hence 'encumbered').
SAMPLE PLAYABLE MOVIE FORMATS : (at least 10 different types)
(video-audio-container - sorted by video format)
FLV(Sorenson)-MP3-FLV : (from a web page circa 2008)
Input #0, flv, from 'yadayadayada.flv': Duration: 00:xx:xx.xx, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 32 kb/s Stream #0.0: Video: flv, yuv420p, 320x240, 15 tbr, 1k tbn, 1k tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: mp3, 22050 Hz, mono, s16, 32 kb/s
The 'Totem' player showed that the 'flv' video data is in a Sorenson format.
H264-AAC-FLV : (a YouTube file circa 2010)
Input #0, flv, from 'yadayadayada.flv': Duration: 00:08:57.91, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 352 kb/s Stream #0.0: Video: h264, yuv420p, 852x480 [PAR 1:1 DAR 71:40], 352 kb/s, 25 tbr, 1k tbn, 50 tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: aac, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16
H264-AAC-FLV : (an ffmpeg conversion from H264-PCM-MKV)
Input #0, flv, from 'yadayadayada.flv': Duration: 00:05:04.03, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 200 kb/s Stream #0.0: Video: h264, yuv420p, 640x480 [PAR 1:1 DAR 4:3], 200 kb/s, 29.97 tbr, 1k tbn, 60 tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: aac, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16
H264-AAC-MP4 : (an ffmpeg conversion from H264-PCM-MKV - uploadable to YouTube)
Input #0, mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2, from 'yadayadayada.mp4': Duration: 00:05:04.06, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 210 kb/s Stream #0.0(und): Video: h264, yuv420p, 640x480, 30 tbr, 30 tbn, 60 tbc Stream #0.1(und): Audio: aac, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16
'ffmpeg' probably lists the 'mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2' container formats together because their coding/decoding algorithms are quite similar, if not the same.
H264-PCM(s16le)-MKV : (a 'lossless' recording ; an ffmpeg 'x11grab')
Input #0, matroska, from 'yadayadayada.mkv': Duration: 00:05:04.06, start: 0.000000, bitrate: N/A Stream #0.0: Video: h264, yuv420p, 1024x768, PAR 1:1 DAR 4:3, 30 tbr, 1k tbn, 2k tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: pcm_s16le, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 1411 kb/s
MPEG1VIDEO-MP2-MPEG : (from a web page circa 2008)
Input #0, mpeg, from 'yadayadayada.mpg': Duration: 00:xx:xx.xx, start: 0.xxxxxx, bitrate: 650 kb/s Stream #0.0[0x1e0]: Video: mpeg1video, yuv420p, 320x240 [PAR 1:1 DAR 4:3], 512 kb/s, 23.98 tbr, 90k tbn, 23.98 tbc Stream #0.1[0x1c0]: Audio: mp2, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 128 kb/s
MPEG1VIDEO-MP2-MPEG : (an ffmpeg conversion from H264-PCM-MKV)
Input #0, mpeg, from 'yadayadayada.mpg': Duration: 00:05:04.06, start: 0.500000, bitrate: 658 kb/s Stream #0.0[0x1e0]: Video: mpeg1video, yuv420p, 640x480 [PAR 1:1 DAR 4:3], 104857 kb/s, 30 tbr, 90k tbn, 30 tbc Stream #0.1[0x1c0]: Audio: mp2, 44100 Hz, mono, s16, 96 kb/s
(Note: Each of these 'mpeg' containers of data are in a '.mpg' suffix file, instead of '.mpeg'.)
MPEG4-MP3-AVI : (an ffmpeg conversion from H264-PCM-MKV)
Input #0, avi, from 'yadayadayada.avi': Duration: 00:05:04.06, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 369 kb/s Stream #0.0: Video: mpeg4, yuv420p, 640x480 [PAR 1:1 DAR 4:3], 30 tbr, 30 tbn, 30 tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: mp3, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 128 kb/s
MPEG4-PCM-AVI : (from a web page circa 2009)
Input #0, avi, from 'yadayadayada.avi': Duration: 00:00:xx.xx, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 2687 kb/s Stream #0.0: Video: mpeg4, yuv420p, 720x544 [PAR 1:1 DAR 45:34], 25 tbr, 29.97 tbn, 25 tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: pcm_s16le, 41000 Hz, stereo, s16, 1312 kb/s
THEORA-VORBIS-OGG : ('ripped' from a DVD, for backup, in case the DVD were to be scratched)
Input #0, ogg, from 'yadayadayada.ogv': Duration: 00:36:xx.xx, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 6472 kb/s Stream #0.0: Video: theora, yuv420p, 480x320, PAR 8:9 DAR 4:3, 29.97 tbr, 29.97 tbn, 29.97 tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: vorbis, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 128 kb/s
(Note: This 'ogg' container is in a '.ogv' suffix file, instead of '.ogg'.)
VP6F-MP3-FLV : (from a web page circa 2009)
Input #0, flv, from 'yadayadayada.flv': Duration: 00:xx:xx.xx, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 56 kb/s Stream #0.0: Video: vp6f, yuv420p, 320x240, 25 tbr, 1k tbn, 1k tbc Stream #0.1: Audio: mp3, 22050 Hz, mono, s16, 56 kb/s
WMV2-WMAV2-ASF : (from a web page circa 2008)
Input #0, asf, from 'yadayadayada.wmv': Duration: 00:00:xx.xx, start: 3.000000, bitrate: 1495 kb/s Stream #0.0: Audio: wmav2, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 64 kb/s Stream #0.1: Video: wmv2, yuv420p, 512x384, 1300 kb/s, 25 tbr, 1k tbn, 1k tbc
(Note: This 'asf' container format is in a '.wmv' suffix file, instead of '.asf'. Furthermore, the audio data is in Stream #0.0, while most other movie file formats have video in that stream.)
THE MOVIE SAMPLES - SORTED by CONTAINER FORMAT :
Since many movies are 'type-cast' according to their container format (flash, mpeg, avi, etc.), here is a list of the above video-audio-container combinations, sorted by container format. There are exceptions to this verbal type-casting. Sometimes the video format is used, as indicated in some examples detailed below this list.
The several FLV (FLash Video) container 'combos' in this list are probably indicative of YouTube videos changing their 'standard' of video and audio encoding over the years. For example, YouTube may have migrated over the years from Sorenson to VP6 to H264 video encoding. So you may find that old YouTube videos use Sorenson or VP6 for video encoding, and recent (2010-2011) YouTube videos use H264 video encoding.
The name confusion (and avoiding it)
Note that you hardly ever hear of people referring to movies as being ASF or MKV (Matroska) movies. Rather you hear/read of 'wmv' or 'h.264' movies --- the video encoding rather than the container encoding.
I believe this inconsistency in 'typing' of movies leads to lots of confusion --- for example, sometimes referring to an H264-xxx-MKV movie as a Matroska movie and other times referring to it as an H.264 movie. Further, sometimes OGG files are referred to as 'ogv' or Theora files. And ASF files are usually referred to as 'wmv' files. And then there's the phenomenon of the internals (video and audio encoding) in 'flv' files changing over the years.
This is why, in these web pages, I have tried to avoid a lot of the confusion about movie formats by using the triplet --- video-audio-container formats.
'ffmpeg' formats :
Note that there are a heck of a lot more formats (video, audio, AND container) than seen in the ten or so 'popular' movie examples seen above.
'-formats' shows available formats, codecs, bitstream filters, protocols, and frame size and frame rate abbreviations. The fields preceding the format and codec names have the following meanings: D Decoding available E Encoding available [ For codecs, NOT containers : ] V/A/S Video/audio/subtitle codec S Codec supports slices D Codec supports direct rendering T Codec can handle input truncated at random locations instead of only at frame boundaries File formats: [Container formats --- and video-only and audio-only formats] E 3g2 3GP2 format E 3gp 3GP format D 4xm 4X Technologies format D IFF IFF format D ISS Funcom ISS format D MTV MTV format DE RoQ raw id RoQ format D aac raw ADTS AAC DE ac3 raw AC-3 E adts ADTS AAC DE aiff Audio IFF DE alaw PCM A-law format DE alsa ALSA audio output DE amr 3GPP AMR file format D apc CRYO APC format D ape Monkey's Audio DE asf ASF format E asf_stream ASF format DE ass SSA/ASS format DE au SUN AU format DE avi AVI format E avm2 Flash 9 (AVM2) format D avs AVS format D bethsoftvid Bethesda Softworks VID format D bfi Brute Force & Ignorance D c93 Interplay C93 D cavsvideo raw Chinese AVS video E crc CRC testing format DE daud D-Cinema audio format DE dirac raw Dirac DE dnxhd raw DNxHD (SMPTE VC-3) D dsicin Delphine Software International CIN format DE dts raw DTS DE dv DV video format D dv1394 DV1394 A/V grab E dvd MPEG-2 PS format (DVD VOB) D dxa DXA D ea Electronic Arts Multimedia Format D ea_cdata Electronic Arts cdata DE eac3 raw E-AC-3 DE f32be PCM 32 bit floating-point big-endian format DE f32le PCM 32 bit floating-point little-endian format DE f64be PCM 64 bit floating-point big-endian format DE f64le PCM 64 bit floating-point little-endian format DE ffm FFM (FFserver live feed) format D film_cpk Sega FILM/CPK format DE flac raw FLAC D flic FLI/FLC/FLX animation format DE flv FLV format E framecrc framecrc testing format E gif GIF Animation D gsm raw GSM DE gxf GXF format DE h261 raw H.261 DE h263 raw H.263 DE h264 raw H.264 video format D idcin id Cinematic format DE image2 image2 sequence DE image2pipe piped image2 sequence D ingenient raw Ingenient MJPEG D ipmovie Interplay MVE format E ipod iPod H.264 MP4 format D libdc1394 dc1394 v.2 A/V grab D lmlm4 lmlm4 raw format DE m4v raw MPEG-4 video format DE matroska Matroska file format DE mjpeg raw MJPEG video D mlp raw MLP D mm American Laser Games MM format DE mmf Yamaha SMAF E mov MOV format D mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2 QuickTime/MPEG-4/Motion JPEG 2000 format E mp2 MPEG audio layer 2 DE mp3 MPEG audio layer 3 E mp4 MP4 format D mpc Musepack D mpc8 Musepack SV8 DE mpeg MPEG-1 System format E mpeg1video raw MPEG-1 video E mpeg2video raw MPEG-2 video DE mpegts MPEG-2 transport stream format D mpegtsraw MPEG-2 raw transport stream format D mpegvideo raw MPEG video E mpjpeg MIME multipart JPEG format D msnwctcp MSN TCP Webcam stream DE mulaw PCM mu-law format D mvi Motion Pixels MVI format DE mxf Material eXchange Format E mxf_d10 Material eXchange Format, D-10 Mapping D nc NC camera feed format D nsv Nullsoft Streaming Video E null raw null video format DE nut NUT format D nuv NuppelVideo format DE ogg Ogg D oma Sony OpenMG audio DE oss Open Sound System playback E psp PSP MP4 format D psxstr Sony Playstation STR format D pva TechnoTrend PVA file and stream format D r3d REDCODE R3D format DE rawvideo raw video format E rcv VC-1 test bitstream D redir Redirector format D rl2 RL2 format DE rm RealMedia format D rpl RPL/ARMovie format E rtp RTP output format D rtsp RTSP input format DE s16be PCM signed 16 bit big-endian format DE s16le PCM signed 16 bit little-endian format DE s24be PCM signed 24 bit big-endian format DE s24le PCM signed 24 bit little-endian format DE s32be PCM signed 32 bit big-endian format DE s32le PCM signed 32 bit little-endian format DE s8 PCM signed 8 bit format D sdp SDP D shn raw Shorten D siff Beam Software SIFF D smk Smacker video D sol Sierra SOL format E svcd MPEG-2 PS format (VOB) DE swf Flash format D thp THP D tiertexseq Tiertex Limited SEQ format D tta True Audio D txd Renderware TeXture Dictionary DE u16be PCM unsigned 16 bit big-endian format DE u16le PCM unsigned 16 bit little-endian format DE u24be PCM unsigned 24 bit big-endian format DE u24le PCM unsigned 24 bit little-endian format DE u32be PCM unsigned 32 bit big-endian format DE u32le PCM unsigned 32 bit little-endian format DE u8 PCM unsigned 8 bit format D vc1 raw VC-1 D vc1test VC-1 test bitstream format E vcd MPEG-1 System format (VCD) D video4linux Video4Linux device grab D video4linux2 Video4Linux2 device grab D vmd Sierra VMD format E vob MPEG-2 PS format (VOB) DE voc Creative Voice file format DE wav WAV format D wc3movie Wing Commander III movie format D wsaud Westwood Studios audio format D wsvqa Westwood Studios VQA format D wv WavPack D x11grab X11grab D xa Maxis XA File Format DE yuv4mpegpipe YUV4MPEG pipe format Codecs: [video and audio] D V 4xm 4X Movie D V D 8bps QuickTime 8BPS video D A 8svx_exp 8SVX exponential D A 8svx_fib 8SVX fibonacci D A aac Advanced Audio Coding D V D aasc Autodesk RLE DEA ac3 ATSC A/52A (AC-3) D A adpcm_4xm ADPCM 4X Movie DEA adpcm_adx SEGA CRI ADX ADPCM D A adpcm_ct ADPCM Creative Technology D A adpcm_ea ADPCM Electronic Arts D A adpcm_ea_maxis_xa ADPCM Electronic Arts Maxis CDROM XA D A adpcm_ea_r1 ADPCM Electronic Arts R1 D A adpcm_ea_r2 ADPCM Electronic Arts R2 D A adpcm_ea_r3 ADPCM Electronic Arts R3 D A adpcm_ea_xas ADPCM Electronic Arts XAS D A adpcm_ima_amv ADPCM IMA AMV D A adpcm_ima_dk3 ADPCM IMA Duck DK3 D A adpcm_ima_dk4 ADPCM IMA Duck DK4 D A adpcm_ima_ea_eacs ADPCM IMA Electronic Arts EACS D A adpcm_ima_ea_sead ADPCM IMA Electronic Arts SEAD D A adpcm_ima_iss ADPCM IMA Funcom ISS DEA adpcm_ima_qt ADPCM IMA QuickTime D A adpcm_ima_smjpeg ADPCM IMA Loki SDL MJPEG DEA adpcm_ima_wav ADPCM IMA WAV D A adpcm_ima_ws ADPCM IMA Westwood DEA adpcm_ms ADPCM Microsoft D A adpcm_sbpro_2 ADPCM Sound Blaster Pro 2-bit D A adpcm_sbpro_3 ADPCM Sound Blaster Pro 2.6-bit D A adpcm_sbpro_4 ADPCM Sound Blaster Pro 4-bit DEA adpcm_swf ADPCM Shockwave Flash D A adpcm_thp ADPCM Nintendo Gamecube THP D A adpcm_xa ADPCM CDROM XA DEA adpcm_yamaha ADPCM Yamaha DEA alac ALAC (Apple Lossless Audio Codec) D V amv AMV Video D A ape Monkey's Audio DEV D asv1 ASUS V1 DEV D asv2 ASUS V2 D A atrac3 Atrac 3 (Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding 3) D V D avs AVS (Audio Video Standard) video D V bethsoftvid Bethesda VID video D V bfi Brute Force & Ignorance DEV bmp BMP image D V D c93 Interplay C93 D V D camstudio CamStudio D V D camtasia TechSmith Screen Capture Codec D V D cavs Chinese AVS video (AVS1-P2, JiZhun profile) D V D cinepak Cinepak D V D cljr Cirrus Logic AccuPak D A cook COOK D V D cyuv Creative YUV (CYUV) D A dca DCA (DTS Coherent Acoustics) DEV D dnxhd VC3/DNxHD D A dsicinaudio Delphine Software International CIN audio D V D dsicinvideo Delphine Software International CIN video DES dvbsub DVB subtitles DES dvdsub DVD subtitles DEV D dvvideo DV (Digital Video) D V dxa Feeble Files/ScummVM DXA D A eac3 ATSC A/52B (AC-3, E-AC-3) D V D eacmv Electronic Arts CMV video D V D eatgq Electronic Arts TGQ video D V eatgv Electronic Arts TGV video D V D eatqi Electronic Arts TQI Video D V D escape124 Escape 124 DEV D ffv1 FFmpeg codec #1 DEVSD ffvhuff Huffyuv FFmpeg variant DEA flac FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) DEV D flashsv Flash Screen Video D V D flic Autodesk Animator Flic video DEVSD flv Flash Video (FLV) D V D fraps Fraps DEA g726 G.726 ADPCM DEV gif GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) DEV D h261 H.261 DEVSDT h263 H.263 / H.263-1996 D VSD h263i Intel H.263 EV h263p H.263+ / H.263-1998 / H.263 version 2 D V D h264 H.264 / AVC / MPEG-4 AVC / MPEG-4 part 10 D V D h264_vdpau H.264 / AVC / MPEG-4 AVC / MPEG-4 part 10 (VDPAU acceleration) DEVSD huffyuv Huffyuv / HuffYUV D V D idcinvideo id Quake II CIN video D A imc IMC (Intel Music Coder) D V D indeo2 Intel Indeo 2 D V indeo3 Intel Indeo 3 D A interplay_dpcm DPCM Interplay D V D interplayvideo Interplay MVE video DEV D jpegls JPEG-LS D V kmvc Karl Morton's video codec DEA libamr_nb libamr-nb Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) Narrow-Band DEA libamr_wb libamr-wb Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) Wide-Band EV libdirac libdirac Dirac 2.2 EA libfaac libfaac AAC (Advanced Audio Codec) D A libfaad libfaad AAC (Advanced Audio Codec) DEA libgsm libgsm GSM DEA libgsm_ms libgsm GSM Microsoft variant EA libmp3lame libmp3lame MP3 (MPEG audio layer 3) D V libopenjpeg OpenJPEG based JPEG 2000 decoder DEV libschroedinger libschroedinger Dirac 2.2 D A libspeex libspeex Speex EV libtheora libtheora Theora EA libvorbis libvorbis Vorbis EV libx264 libx264 H.264 / AVC / MPEG-4 AVC / MPEG-4 part 10 EV libxvid libxvidcore MPEG-4 part 2 EV ljpeg Lossless JPEG D V D loco LOCO D A mace3 MACE (Macintosh Audio Compression/Expansion) 3:1 D A mace6 MACE (Macintosh Audio Compression/Expansion) 6:1 D V D mdec Sony PlayStation MDEC (Motion DECoder) D V D mimic Mimic DEV D mjpeg MJPEG (Motion JPEG) D V D mjpegb Apple MJPEG-B D A mlp MLP (Meridian Lossless Packing)/TrueHD D V D mmvideo American Laser Games MM Video D V D motionpixels Motion Pixels video D A mp1 MP1 (MPEG audio layer 1) DEA mp2 MP2 (MPEG audio layer 2) D A mp3 MP3 (MPEG audio layer 3) D A mp3adu ADU (Application Data Unit) MP3 (MPEG audio layer 3) D A mp3on4 MP3onMP4 D A mpc7 Musepack SV7 D A mpc8 Musepack SV8 DEVSDT mpeg1video MPEG-1 video D V DT mpeg1video_vdpau MPEG-1 video (VDPAU acceleration) DEVSDT mpeg2video MPEG-2 video DEVSDT mpeg4 MPEG-4 part 2 D VSDT mpegvideo MPEG-1 video D V DT mpegvideo_vdpau MPEG-1/2 video (VDPAU acceleration) D VSDT mpegvideo_xvmc MPEG-1/2 video XvMC (X-Video Motion Compensation) DEVSD msmpeg4 MPEG-4 part 2 Microsoft variant version 3 DEVSD msmpeg4v1 MPEG-4 part 2 Microsoft variant version 1 DEVSD msmpeg4v2 MPEG-4 part 2 Microsoft variant version 2 D V D msrle Microsoft RLE D V D msvideo1 Microsoft Video 1 D V D mszh LCL (LossLess Codec Library) MSZH DEA nellymoser Nellymoser Asao D V D nuv NuppelVideo/RTJPEG DEV pam PAM (Portable AnyMap) image DEV pbm PBM (Portable BitMap) image DEA pcm_alaw PCM A-law D A pcm_dvd PCM signed 20|24-bit big-endian DEA pcm_f32be PCM 32-bit floating point big-endian DEA pcm_f32le PCM 32-bit floating point little-endian DEA pcm_f64be PCM 64-bit floating point big-endian DEA pcm_f64le PCM 64-bit floating point little-endian DEA pcm_mulaw PCM mu-law DEA pcm_s16be PCM signed 16-bit big-endian DEA pcm_s16le PCM signed 16-bit little-endian D A pcm_s16le_planar PCM 16-bit little-endian planar DEA pcm_s24be PCM signed 24-bit big-endian DEA pcm_s24daud PCM D-Cinema audio signed 24-bit DEA pcm_s24le PCM signed 24-bit little-endian DEA pcm_s32be PCM signed 32-bit big-endian DEA pcm_s32le PCM signed 32-bit little-endian DEA pcm_s8 PCM signed 8-bit DEA pcm_u16be PCM unsigned 16-bit big-endian DEA pcm_u16le PCM unsigned 16-bit little-endian DEA pcm_u24be PCM unsigned 24-bit big-endian DEA pcm_u24le PCM unsigned 24-bit little-endian DEA pcm_u32be PCM unsigned 32-bit big-endian DEA pcm_u32le PCM unsigned 32-bit little-endian DEA pcm_u8 PCM unsigned 8-bit DEA pcm_zork PCM Zork D V pcx PC Paintbrush PCX image DEV pgm PGM (Portable GrayMap) image DEV pgmyuv PGMYUV (Portable GrayMap YUV) image DEV png PNG image DEV ppm PPM (Portable PixelMap) image D V ptx V.Flash PTX image D A qcelp QCELP / PureVoice D A qdm2 QDesign Music Codec 2 D V D qdraw Apple QuickDraw D V D qpeg Q-team QPEG DEV D qtrle QuickTime Animation (RLE) video DEV rawvideo raw video D A real_144 RealAudio 1.0 (14.4K) D A real_288 RealAudio 2.0 (28.8K) D V D rl2 RL2 video DEA roq_dpcm id RoQ DPCM DEV D roqvideo id RoQ video D V D rpza QuickTime video (RPZA) DEV D rv10 RealVideo 1.0 DEV D rv20 RealVideo 2.0 D V D rv30 RealVideo 3.0 D V D rv40 RealVideo 4.0 DEV sgi SGI image D A shorten Shorten D A smackaud Smacker audio D V smackvid Smacker video D V D smc QuickTime Graphics (SMC) DEV snow Snow D A sol_dpcm DPCM Sol DEA sonic Sonic EA sonicls Sonic lossless D V D sp5x Sunplus JPEG (SP5X) D V sunrast Sun Rasterfile image DEV D svq1 Sorenson Vector Quantizer 1 D VSD svq3 Sorenson Vector Quantizer 3 DEV targa Truevision Targa image D V theora Theora D V D thp Nintendo Gamecube THP video D V D tiertexseqvideo Tiertex Limited SEQ video DEV tiff TIFF image D V D truemotion1 Duck TrueMotion 1.0 D V D truemotion2 Duck TrueMotion 2.0 D A truespeech DSP Group TrueSpeech D A tta True Audio (TTA) D V txd Renderware TXD (TeXture Dictionary) image D V D ultimotion IBM UltiMotion D V vb Beam Software VB D V vc1 SMPTE VC-1 D V D vc1_vdpau SMPTE VC-1 VDPAU D V D vcr1 ATI VCR1 D A vmdaudio Sierra VMD audio D V D vmdvideo Sierra VMD video D V vmnc VMware Screen Codec / VMware Video DEA vorbis Vorbis D V vp3 On2 VP3 D V D vp5 On2 VP5 D V D vp6 On2 VP6 D V D vp6a On2 VP6 (Flash version, with alpha channel) D V D vp6f On2 VP6 (Flash version) D V D vqavideo Westwood Studios VQA (Vector Quantized Animation) video D A wavpack WavPack DEA wmav1 Windows Media Audio 1 DEA wmav2 Windows Media Audio 2 DEVSD wmv1 Windows Media Video 7 DEVSD wmv2 Windows Media Video 8 D V wmv3 Windows Media Video 9 D V D wmv3_vdpau Windows Media Video 9 VDPAU D V D wnv1 Winnov WNV1 D A ws_snd1 Westwood Audio (SND1) D A xan_dpcm DPCM Xan D V D xan_wc3 Wing Commander III / Xan D V D xl Miro VideoXL D S xsub XSUB DEV D zlib LCL (LossLess Codec Library) ZLIB DEV zmbv Zip Motion Blocks Video Bitstream filters: text2movsub remove_extra noise mov2textsub mp3decomp mp3comp mjpegadump imxdump h264_mp4toannexb dump_extra Supported file protocols: file: gopher: http: pipe: rtp: tcp: udp: Frame size, frame rate abbreviations: ntsc pal qntsc qpal sntsc spal film ntsc-film sqcif qcif cif 4cif Note, the names of encoders and decoders do not always match, so there are several cases where the above table shows encoder only or decoder only entries even though both encoding and decoding are supported. For example, the h263 decoder corresponds to the h263 and h263p encoders, for file formats it is even worse.
For more info on 'ffmpeg', this ffmpeg FAQ page can be very helpful. It includes examples of coding for movies playable on iPod and PSP (Play Station Portable) --- as well as parameters to use for high-quality MPEG-4 (Blu-ray-1080p, 3D) and MPEG-2 (DVD and hi-def-720p TV) and MPEG-1 (CD and low-def-480i TV) video --- and for interlaced video.
For even more info on 'ffmpeg', this ffmpeg DOC page may be helpful.
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